An orthopedic specialist, also commonly referred to as an orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon, diagnoses and attempts to remedy medical problems related to the human skeleton, joints, tendons and ligaments. An orthopedist also treat disorders related to the nervous system that are related to the spine. The medical problems addressed may be the result of birth defects, injury or aging. The specialist may treat the ailments with physical or drug therapy. Surgery is also a common option to solve some orthopedic problems.